Analele Universităţii Bucureşti. Limba şi literatura română
NR 2023




  • IRMA CARANNANTE - Limba fără locuire. Emil Cioran şi Eugène Ionesco: două cazuri de exil lingvistic
    | Text integral

    This study aims to investigate the exile of Eugène Ionesco and Emil Cioran as a function of the linguistic modifications that occurred in their writing when they abandoned their homeland and their mother tongue, revolutionizing the ethical and aesthetic paradigms of the universal literary landscape. Dealing with their own history and making the repressed past re-emerge have allowed these authors to interrogate the present in the new language acquired starting from the Romanian-speaking literary space. This has led to various phenomena: transformations in the field of creation, starting from the break with the Romanian language, a subjective re-articulation in the field of the foreign language, starting from the triple psychoanalytic arrangement of the imaginary, the symbolic and the real, and the invention of new individualities and styles of thinking.

    Keywords: Emil Cioran; Eugène Ionesco; exile; history; Romanian literature.

  • ADRIAN CHIRCU - Observaţii asupra limbii române. P. Nemoianu, Părerile unuia care n-a învăţat la şcoala românească
    | Text integral

    In his study, the author aims to discuss the ideas regained from the lines of few microtexts documented in the pages of a brochure, named Limba românească. Părerea unuia care n-a învăţat la şcoala românescă [The Romanian language. Opinions of someone who didn’t study at a Romanian school] and published by the politician P. Nemoianu. The fragments he selected are primarily linguistic, choosing several topics concerning the condition and the nature of Romanian language during the interwar period. These linguistic notes, somehow subjective, were not discussed in specialized studies until now, which determined us to investigate them furthermore. The main purpose of the analysis is to see which were the options in acquiring the Romanian language and how it was perceived in relation with other cultural languages (Latin or French, for example), in the aforementioned period.

                Keywords: Romanian language; 20th century; trends; external influences; neologisms; linguistic convention; cultural prestige.

  • EMILIA DAVID - Tristan Tzara’s Shift from Symbolism to Futurism, to Dadaism, 1912-1916
    | Text integral

    My paper will present Tristan Tzara’s artistic development from his early Symbolist days via Futurism to his Dadaist days in Zurich. In particular, I shall discuss how Futurism lingered on in the first phase of Dadaism and in Tzara’s Dada poetics (1916-1918). I shall first analyse some traits of his Symbolist poetry, composed in the 1910s, until his departure from Romania. I shall argue that his orientation towards Futurism was possible thanks to his Symbolist beginnings, an aesthetic the young Tzara shared with many Futurists, including F.T. Marinetti. Following a reconsideration of the network of cultural relations forged by the Romanian writer between the young Dada group in Zurich and members of the Futurist movement in Rome, Naples and Mantua, or more precisely: between anti-Marinettian representatives of Futurism who edited the magazines Noi, Le pagine, Procellaria and Brigata, I shall demonstrate that Tzara continued to be open to Futurist influences, albeit from the Florentine and Ferrarese strands, which were more moderate and less dogmatic than the Milanese circle around Marinetti. Examining some Tzara works in Cabaret Voltaire and Dada, I shall demonstrate certain Futurist affinities in his Dadaist production, in particular with regard to the graphic-typographic features of his poems and the performative tactics in his theatrical practice.

                Keywords: fSymbolism; Postsymbolism; Futurism; anti-Marinettian Futurism; Dadaism; paroliberismo; simultaneous poem; theatrical practices.

  • RUXANDRA DRĂGAN - Rendering the Best Results into Romanian – a Matter of Typological Variation
    | Text integral

    English (Germanic) and Romanian (Romance) are typologically different in the expression of both change-of-location and change-of-state events (cf. Talmy 1985, 2000). English favours Goal of Motion (GM) and resultative constructions, which combine manner verbs with directional PPs and Result Phrases, respectively; Romanian typically opts for inherently directed motion and change-of-state verbs to achieve the same goals. At the same time, the existing typological differences have been shown to impact both the translation strategies rendering change events, and the syntactic structures they produce (Slobin 2004, 2005, 2006; Capelle 2012; Alonso 2018 et al.). The present article examines the strategies used by professional translators to translate resultatives into Romanian, and the resulting syntactic patterns, shown to be dependent on the type of resultative translated (fake/true). It demonstrates that the mostly compensatory techniques generate structures which, overall, reflect Talmy's lexicalization patterns for Romance and support the uniform treatment of GM and resultatives crosslinguistically. It also argues that the higher syntactic/semantic variation of resultatives (vs. GM) is responsible for the higher number of strategies and patterns translating them.    

                Keywords: resultative construction; Manner; Result; lexicalization patterns; translation strategies.

  • LAURA DUMITRESCU - De la Rocinante la Tamagotchi. X.AI. Note despre imaginarul utopic
    | Text integral

    On July 12th 2023, Elon Musk announced the creation of the xAi corporation, the aim of which is, according to the program put forth by its author, “understanding the true nature of the Universe”. 507 years after the publication of Thomas Morus' Utopia, the trailblazing text of a concept which has moulded the post-Medieval European imaginary, the questions related to the morphology of the territories which we occupy or which we invent for ourselves are being reformulated. The present essay sets out to analyse several elements of a technoscientific flow of ideas which, throughout half a millennium, have been competing, beyond the cover of fiction, against the model of Christian monotheism.

    Keywords: utopia; European imaginary; utopian devices; fictional construct; artificial intelligence.

  • ALEXANDRU MARDALE - Analyse comparative du marquage différentiel des complément direct et d’agent en roumain (II)
    | Text integral

    This is the second part of a more general research on the comparison between Differential (Direct) Object (DOM) and Differential Agent Marking (DAM) in (contemporary) Romanian. Previously, I have showed that DOM is an optional phenomenon (with a few exceptions for certain types of Direct Objects). DOM is sensitive to factors like animacy, specificity, and topicality. In the present study, I will show that DAM is only sensitive to animacy, but neither to specificity nor to topicality. Additionally, DAM seems to be affected by language register, namely the official / administrative one.

    Keywords: differential object and agent marking; saliency; humanness; specificity; Romanian.

  • ANGELO PAGLIARDINI - Umanesimo e controriforma nei Dialoghi piacevoli di Stefano Guazzo
    | Text integral

    HUMANISM AND COUNTER-REFORMATION IN STEFANO GUAZZO’S DIALOGHI PIACEVOLI In 1586, the writer Stefano Guazzo publishes Dialoghi piacevoli. The treatise is made up of a collection of dialogues and has among its protagonists the “Prencipe della Valacchia Maggiore”, Petru Cercel, indicated as a model of the ideal prince. The work was conceived during the implementation of the rules of the Council of Trent: that political, cultural, and religious system defined in historiography as the Counter-Reformation. Stefano Guazzo outlines the system of courts, in which the relations between the prince and courtiers are organised as a true “forma del vivere”. The writer constantly refers to the values and ideal questions of humanism, such as the formation of the prince and the courtier, or the relationship between letters and arms, according to the writings of ancient Latin and Greek writers. At the same time, he has to adapt the thought and the literature of ancient writers with the principles imposed by the Counter-Reformation. In his book, one can also see an attempt to define the European space from Spain and France to Poland and Wallachia as Catholic.

                Keywords: Court; Neoplatonism; Monferrato; Gonzaga; Paleologi.

  • NICOLA PERENCIN - Il filo di Ariadna tra mito e folklore. Appunti di metodo a partire da una fiaba romena del tipo ATU 874* Ariadne-Thread | Text integral

    This article aims to explore some possible connections between the ancient myth of Ariadne and folk narratives of later periods. To this end, it adopts a perspective based on the types and motifs approach, by employing essential tools used in contemporary folkloric research, such as Uther 2004 and Thompson 1955-1958. It starts by discussing the usefulness and limitations of this approach when it comes to comparisons between folklore and antiquity and continues with the analysis of a rather peculiar Romanian fairy tale, the only one registered in Romania as containing the motif “R121.5 Ariadne's Thread”. The singularity of this text in the Romanian folk culture is met by an equal distinctiveness when confronted with other ancient and modern narratives containing the action of traversing a labyrinth by means of a thread. Therefore, this Romanian fairy tale provides us with the opportunity to draw attention to some of the inconsistencies present in the typological approach commonly adopted by some recent studies dedicated to folklore in the ancient world. However, if we managed to resolve some of the problems inherent in the concept of type, the search for motivic similarities could stimulate a different kind of comparison between classics and folklore, thus opening the road towards new interpretations.

                Keywords: Ariadne’s Thread; Folklore; Labyrinth; Romanian Folklore; Narrative Motifs; Comparative Mythology.

  • GIOVANNI ROTIROTI - Rezonanţe între concepţia non-oedipiană a lui Gherasim Luca şi postumanismul critic
    | Text integral

    The article aims to point out that Gherasim Luca’s concept of non-oedipal existence resonates with the work of Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, anticipating the nomad thought and the contemporary posthuman critical theory – as formulated by Rosi Braidotti – centred on a critical posthumanism and an affirmative politics. The key-concept of Gherasim Luca, already present in his Romanian work, is that of “Non-Oedipus”. It’s a radical view of existence that anticipates by almost 30 years the theoretical achievements of Deleuze and Guattari’s works Anti-Oedipus and A Thousand Plateaus.

                Keywords: Deleuze; Guattari; Braidotti; Gherasim Luca; nomad thought; non-oedipal; critical posthumanism.

  • LAVINIA TACHE - Stories of a Collapsing Future. Representations of Climate Change Effects in Maja Lunde’s Novels
    | Text integral

    The article proposes an overview of two novels written by the Norwegian writer Maja Lunde, through notions such as ‘dystopia’, ‘trans-corporeality’ (Alaimo 2018) and `heterotopy’ (Foucault 1984) that showcase the presence of various beings and spaces interlinked and existing in a constantly changing environment. The History of Bees gathers three stories from separate timelines in order to emphasize the evolution of the relation between people and the environment, while The End of the Ocean tackles problems of desertification and dreadful effects of the capitalist system. Both books are essential for understanding a new type of catastrophe, which has been explained as a “catastrophe without event” (Horn 2014), due to its graduality that is a result of climate transformations generated by various industries and people’s harmful attitudes towards their natural surroundings. Memory and objects are also central coordinates in analysing how the future actualizes the past, since the characters rest their survival on a book (The History of Bees) and on a boat (The End of the Ocean). Moreover, Foucault’s concept of ‘heterotopy’ is illustrative of the liminal state in which the protagonists exist. The catastrophic spatiality encapsulates trauma, the will to transgress time, and the absence of the beloved ones. Survival is the narrative thread that opens the communication between different generations, and loneliness or death are pivotal elements for recreating the present, which, in Lunde’s novels, is seen as unfavourable, but nevertheless having ingrained a sense of hope for the future.

                Keywords: climate change; cli-fi; dystopia; trans-corporeality; heterotopy; posthumanism; Maja Lunde.

  • MIHAELA TĂNASE-DOGARU - On Recent -bil Derivatives in Romanian
    | Text integral

    The paper investigates a corpus of 72 recent -bil derivatives, used mainly in contemporary Romanian journalese (Croitor 2021). The paper shows that -bil adjectives in Romanian fall into two categories: fully eventive adjectives, characterized by the presence of by-phrases and/or adverbial event modifiers and fully stative adjectives, simply indicating a property of the referent (Oltra-Massuet 2013). A second result of the analysis is the fact that the boundary between the two identified classes is blurry, in the sense that -bil adjectives actually form a continuum from eventive adjectives to fully stative -bil adjectives (Wasak 2021). Thirdly, the productivity of -bil can be explained by means of usefulness, fashion, and nameability (Plag 2002).

                Keywords: -bil adjectives; eventive adjectives; productivity; stative adjectives.

  • ANDRADA YUNUSOĞLU - A Feminist Exploration of Medeea Iancu’s Poetry
    | Text integral

    Since 2010, ideology has become more present in Romanian contemporary literature, denouncing the literary canon and its function in nowadays society. Female authors started to be more committed to a feminist agenda, which resulted into a process of (re)claiming female identities and experiences and also creating new forms of defining what being a woman means. After the 1989 Romanian Revolution, artists finally use their right to freedom of speech, being more involved into the social and political aspects of art and society. In this paper, I shall focus on Medeea Iancu’s poetry, analysing her discourse and how she develops a feminist agenda in Romania. I shall also point out the fact that her discourse evolves from Divina tragedie [The Divine Tragedy] (2011) and Cîntarea care a biruit toate cîntările [The Song that Overcame All Songs] (2015) to what is known as a feminist manifesto in Delacroix este tabu: Suita romînească [Delacroix is Taboo: The Romanian Suite] (2017) and Delacroix este tabu: Amendamentele lirice [Delacroix is Taboo: The Lyrical Amendments] (2019). Nevertheless, in this research I shall showcase the aspects that are representative for the feminist literary movement in Romania, focusing mainly on Medeea Iancu, as she embodies the image of the feminist poet.

                Keywords: feminist poetry; Medeea Iancu; feminist criticism; discourse analysis; Romanian contemporary literature.

Recenzii / Comptes rendus / Reviews

  • Salvatore ATTARDO, The Linguistics of Humor. An Introduction, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2020, 465 p. (MIHAELA-VIORICA CONSTANTINESCU)
    Text integral
  • Liviu GROZA, De pe vremea lui Pazvante. Imagini ale vieții din trecut în expresii românești București, Editura Vremea, 2022, 108 p. (ANDREEA-VICTORIA GRIGORE)
    Text integral
  • Rémi BRAGUE, Modern cu moderație. Timpurile moderne sau inventarea unei înșelăciuni traducere din limba franceză de Cornelia Dumitru, București, Editura Spandugino, 2022, 357 p. (LAURA DUMITRESCU)
    Text integral